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Positive and Negative Affect Scale PANAS

Positive and Negative Affect Scale PANAS
Watson‚ Clark‚ and Tellegen (1988) proposed this two-factor model of mood states that has revealed itself in the literature to predict highly distinctive dimensions of emotion. Positive Affect (PA) is state of high energy‚ pleasurable engagement‚ and alertness. Moroseness and lethargy ch‎aracterize low PA. Negative Affect (NA) is the dimension with aversive mood states and subjective distress. Calmness ch‎aracterizes a lack of NA.
INSTRUCTIONS: This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and then mark the appropriate number in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extent you have felt this way during the past few weeks.
1 = very slightly or not at all
2 = a little
3 = moderately
4= quite a bit
5 = extremely

____interested
_____irritable
____distressed
_____alert
____excited
____ashamed
____upset
____inspired
____strong
____nervous
____guilty
___determined
____scared
____attentive
____hostile
____jittery
____enthusiastic
____active
____proud
____afraid

DIFFERENCES IN PERCEIVED STRESS‚ AFFECT‚ ANXIETY‚ AND COPING
ABILITY AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION COURSES
by
Rachel Permuth-Levine‚ MSPH‚ CHES
Dissertation submitted to the Faculty of the Graduate School of the
University of Maryland‚ College Park in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy 2007

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