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Perceived Stress Scale PSS

Perceived Stress Scale PSS
INSTRUCTIONS: The questions in this scale ask you about your feelings and thoughts during the last month. In each case‚ please indicate with a check how often you felt or
thought a certain way.
1. In the last month‚ how often have you been upset because of something that happened unexpectedly?
___0=never ___1=almost never ___2=sometimes ___3=fairly often ___4=very often
2. In the last month‚ how often have you felt that you were unable to control the important things in your life?
___0=never ___1=almost never ___2=sometimes ___3=fairly often ___4=very often
3. In the last month‚ how often have you felt nervous and "stressed"?
___0=never ___1=almost never ___2=sometimes ___3=fairly often ___4=very often
4. In the last month‚ how often have you felt confident about your ability to handle your
personal problems?
___0=never ___1=almost never ___2=sometimes ___3=fairly often ___4=very often
5. In the last month‚ how often have you felt that things were going your way?
___0=never ___1=almost never ___2=sometimes ___3=fairly often ___4=very often
6. In the last month‚ how often have you found that you could not cope with all the things that you had to do?
___0=never ___1=almost never ___2=sometimes ___3=fairly often ___4=very often
7. In the last month‚ how often have you been able to control irritations in your life?
___0=never ___1=almost never ___2=sometimes ___3=fairly often ___4=very often
8. In the last month‚ how often have you felt that you were on top of things?
___0=never ___1=almost never ___2=sometimes ___3=fairly often ___4=very often
9. In the last month‚ how often have you been angered because of things that were outside of your control?
___0=never ___1=almost never ___2=sometimes ___3=fairly often ___4=very often
10. In the last month‚ how often have you felt difficulties were piling up so high that you could not overcome them?
___0=never ___1=almost never ___2=sometimes ___3=fairly often ___4=very often
DIFFERENCES IN PERCEIVED STRESS‚ AFFECT‚ ANXIETY‚ AND COPING
ABILITY AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION COURSES
by
Rachel Permuth-Levine‚ MSPH‚ CHES
Dissertation submitted to the Faculty of the Graduate School of the
University of Maryland‚ College Park in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy 2007

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