Frustration with Partners

Frustration with Partners
10 Item Attachment Scales
These scales were originally presented by BrennanShaver & Hazan (1989) but not published in print until included in a later article (Brennan & Shaver1995).  The authors cr‎eated these scales by conducting a large scale‚ oblique factor analysis of 143 individual items‚ that resulted in 34 factors with eigenvalues greater than one.  Seven of the factors were se‎lected as ha‎ving sufficient items to each form a 10-item sub-scale with adequate internal reliability. The seven factors were titled:
  • Frustration with Partners
  • Proximity Seeking
  • Self-Reliance
  • Ambivalence
  • Trust / Confidence in Others
  • Jealousy / Fear of Abandonment
  • Anxious Clinging to Partners
All items were measured on 7-point Likert-type scales ranging from "disagree strongly" to "agree strongly".  The following two of the seven sub-scales are extracted from Brennan & Shaver (1995).
Frustration with Partners
  • I haven't received enough appreciation from romantic partners
  • My romantic partner doesn't take my concerns seriously
  • My romantic partners have often let me down
  • I sometimes get frustrated and angry because no one loves me the way I'd like to be loved
  • My romantic partners have often been inconsiderate
  • My romantic partners haven't usually understood what I needed
  • I often get frustrated because my romantic partners don't understand my needs
  • I've generally been able to count on romantic partners for comfort and understanding (R)
  • My romantic partner makes me doubt myself
  • My romantic partners have usually been there when I needed them (R)
Proximity-Seeking
  • After even a brief separaion‚ I eagerly look forward to seeing my partner
  • When something godd happens‚ I can hardly wait to tell my partner
  • I like to tell my romantic partner all about my day
  • I like to share new ideas with my romantic partner
  • When I am away from my romantic partner‚ I miss him or her a great deal
  • I enjoy talking to my romantic partner about almost anything
  • It helps to turn to my romantic partner in times of need
  • I don't need much affection from my romantic partner (R)
  • I don't seek out my romantic partner when I am feeling bad (R)
  • I like to be as emotionally close as possible with my romantic partners
Notes: (R) indicates reverse scored item.
During their study‚ Brennan & Shaver (1995) compared scores from this scale with attachment style measured using the Adult Attachment Questionnaire. They found the following relationships:
Attachment Style
Positive Correlations
Negative Correlations
Avoidant
Frustration with partners 
Self-reliance 
Ambivalence
Trust / confidence in others 
Proximity seeking
Anxious/Ambivalent
Frustration with partners 
Jealousy / fear of abandonment 
Anxious clinging to partners
Trust / confidence in others
Secure
Trust / confidence in others 
Proximity seeking
Frustration with partners 
Self-reliance 
Ambivalence 
Jealousy / fear of abandonment 
Anxious clinging to partners
Adapted from Brennan & Shaver1995
Discriminant function analysis using all seven scales was used to categorise participants and this was compared with their self-report classification using the Hazan and Shaver measure. The two resulting discriminant functions correctly predicted the attachment style of 72.3% of participans. These functions separated out the secure from the avoidant participants and then separated out the anxious/ambivalent participants.
Factor analysis was conducted on the seven sub-scales using principal axis extraction.  Two factors emerged which accounted for 71.3% of the variance and correlated at only r = 0.05.  Based on the contributing items‚ these factors were labelled 'insecurity‚' which distinguished avoidant from secure participants‚ and 'preoccupation with attachment‚' which distinguished anxious/ambivalent from secure participants.
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