PERCEIVED STRESS SCALE -4
PERCEIVED STRESS SCALE (PSS4)
The questions in this scale ask you about your feelings and thoughts during the last month. In each case‚ please indicate your response by placing an “X” over the circle representing HOW OFTEN you felt or thought a certain way.
This scale can be found in:
Cohen‚ S.‚ Kamarck‚ T.‚ Mermelstein‚ R. (1983). A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior‚ 24‚ 385-396. Link to full-text (pdf)
Cohen‚ S.‚ & Williamson‚ G. (1988). Perceived stress in a probability sample of the United States. In S. Spacapam & S. Oskamp (Eds.)‚ The social psychology of health: Claremont Symposium on applied social psychology. Newbury Park‚ CA: Sage. Link to full-text (pdf)
updated July 8‚ 2008