Experiences in Close Relationships Scale
) proposed a 36 item self-report measure of adult attachment‚ the Experience of Close Relationships (ECR) scale. This was derived from a factor analysis of 60 constructs represented by 482 items extracted from a thorough literature search of previous attachment measure research. From this‚ they produced a instrument based around the two primary constructs of avoidance and anxiety. This scale was shown to be consistent with the Relationship Questionnaire
but showed stronger relationships with other target variables than those found using this measure.
Each question is scored on a seven item Likert scale. Odd questions relate to the avoidance dimension (α = .94) whilst even questions relate to the anxiety dimension (α = .91). The symbol (R) indicates the score is reversed for this item.
- I prefer not to show a partner how I feel deep down.
- I worry about being abandoned.
- I am very comfortable being close to romantic partners. (R)
- I worry a lot about my relationships.
- Just when my partner starts to get close to me I find myself pulling away.
- I worry that romantic partners wont care about me as much as I care about them.
- I get uncomfortable when a romantic partner wants to be very close.
- I worry a fair amount about losing my partner.
- I don't feel comfortable opening up to romantic partners.
- I often wish that my partner's feelings for me were as strong as my feelings for him/her.
- I want to get close to my partner‚ but I keep pulling back.
- I often want to merge completely with romantic partners‚ and this sometimes scares them away.
- I am nervous when partners get too close to me.
- I worry about being alone.
- I feel comfortable sharing my private thoughts and feelings with my partner. (R)
- My desire to be very close sometimes scares people away.
- I try to avoid getting too close to my partner.
- I need a lot of reassurance that I am loved by my partner.
- I find it relatively easy to get close to my partner. (R)
- Sometimes I feel that I force my partners to show more feeling‚ more commitment.
- I find it difficult to allow myself to depend on romantic partners.
- I do not often worry about being abandoned. (R)
- I prefer not to be too close to romantic partners.
- If I can't get my partner to show interest in me‚ I get upset or angry.
- I tell my partner just about everything. (R)
- I find that my partner(s) don't want to get as close as I would like.
- I usually discuss my problems and concerns with my partner. (R)
- When I'm not involved in a relationship‚ I feel somewhat anxious and insecure.
- I feel comfortable depending on romantic partners. (R)
- I get frustrated when my partner is not around as much as I would like.
- I don't mind asking romantic partners for comfort‚ advice‚ or help. (R)
- I get frustrated if romantic partners are not available when I need them.
- It helps to turn to my romantic partner in times of need. (R)
- When romantic partners disapprove of me‚ I feel really bad about myself.
- I turn to my partner for many things‚ including comfort and reassurance. (R)
- I resent it when my partner spends time away from me.
Note that a more recent revision
of this scale was published in 2000.
A useful summary of the original paper Brennan
) as well as the items on the measure (as above) with their factor loadings and instructions for scoring the scale in SPSS is available here